Resources at Hebrew SeniorLife


Pneumonia is an infection in the lungs that may range from mild to life threatening. Each year, more than 60,000 Americans die from this disease. Jerome L. Slate, M.D., F.C.C.P., a pulmonologist at Hebrew Rehabilitation Center, says that pneumonia is of particular concern in older adults and in those with chronic illnesses or an impaired immune system.


A disease of the lungs characterized by inflammation caused by infection. 


  • Invasion by bacteria, viruses, tuberculosis, parasites or fungi that results in inflammation of the lung tissue.


  • Cough that produces phlegm
  • Shaking chills
  • High fever
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Fatigue
  • Chest pain (pleurisy) if the inflammation involves the lining of the lung

Risk Factors

  • Age 65 and older
  • Chronic illness such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Impaired swallowing
  • Impaired immunity
  • Smoking or alcohol abuse


  • Medical history
  • Chest X-ray
  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan


  • Antibiotics for bacterial pneumonia
  • Rest and fluids for viral pneumonia
  • Over-the-counter medications to treat fever and cough


Computerized tomography (CT) scan - a noninvasive diagnostic imaging procedure that uses a combination of X-rays and computer technology to produce cross-sectional images of the body, showing detailed images of bone, muscle, fat and organs.

Phlegm - mucus secreted by the respiratory passages.

Pleurisy - inflammation of the pleura (the tiny, transparent membrane that lines the lungs and chest wall) usually accompanied by fever, painful breathing, and cough.

Tuberculosis - an infectious illness of the respiratory system, spread by coughing and sneezing, that can be fatal if left untreated.


American Lung Association -

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